Persian rug patterns are famous all over the world. The most amazing thing to know about these rugs is that their pattern reveals unique details. If you know the technique to read those rugs, you will be able to understand that hidden secrets behind those weavers. And it will help you to buy the most valuable and useful piece of art for your home. Note that, names of these Turkish rug patterns are usually derived from village, city, and tribes as well. The details are linked to the era when they are first designed.
The rug design techniques were developed several decades ago, and then they were handed over to the next generations. Some studies even reveal that no two records on the rug patterns are same; they are always believed to have some unique meaning. The designers use a variety of materials to create rugs, and the selection keeps on varying from region to region. one of the most common materials used for rug designing is wool; they are observed to be highly durable products. Experts say that Turkish rugs are the finest and most labor-intensive handmade products in the world. Even today, they are designed using the same technique that was developed centuries back in BC.
Each design and pattern have a unique symbol, and it is followed precisely from generation to generation. The symbols engraved over these Persian rugs are also connected to fortune in some sense. Hence, the selection of rug for the home must be more careful. The symbols on the Turkish rugs may define some religious imagery, weeping willows, Islamic buildings or some scenes from daily life as well.
Below we have highlighted few details about symbols in the Persian rugs:
- Numbers: they are used to signify times and dates.
- Star: represents good luck and spirituality.
- Sun: it is used to showcase lucidity and radiant light.
- Mihrab: It highlights a gateway to Paradise.
- Hand: this is a specially designed symbol on the prayer rugs.
- Cross: it is to display faith.
- Diamond: One diamond represents women whereas two diamonds on the same rug showcase woman and man together.
- Comb: it displays a symbol of cleanliness.
- Jug or Ewer: a symbol of purification.
- Hyacinth: it is to display regeneration.
- Amulet: triangular shape represents an evil eye.
- Pomegranate: it is a symbol of fertility.
- Tulip: it depicts prosperity.
- Blossom: representation of newlyweds, spring and youth.
- Iris: it displays religious freedom.
- Lion: a symbol of power.
- Lotus: immortality and rebirth.
- Paradise bird: indicates heaven or paradise.
- Lily: spirituality or purity.
- Tree of life: it shows a direct path between earth and heaven, may also represent truth or understanding.
- Hunting dog: honor and glory.
- Peacock: divine protection or immortality.
- Peony: a symbol of power.
- Parrot: it is a symbol for escaping from danger or representation of protection.
- Cypress tree: depicts life after death.
- Leopard: it indicates bravery.
- Eagle in flight: it showcases good fortune.
- Resting eagle: this symbol indicates the high-mindedness of the spirit.